The 8 things to know before adopting a dog

Adopting a dog, a decision not to be taken lightly. You have to be sure to know all the implications of this commitment because too many dogs are abandoned every year.


First of all, you have to ask the right questions. Here are the 8 things to know before adopting a dog.

1. the whole family must want to adopt a dog.

Does your family agree to adopt a dog? Are some people allergic to hair, for example? If this is the case, some breeds of dog are to be preferred, such as the Chinese Crested Dog or the Peruvian Naked Dog.

2 A dog represents a significant budget.

Having a dog represents a certain budget between food, veterinary expenses, leisure, ensuring good hygiene… Do you have the budget to cover all the costs? To give you an idea, here is an overview of the expenses:

Veterinary expenses

If you plan to travel with your dog you will need to give him a passport: from 5 to 15 euros.
Vaccines: if you adopt a puppy then there will be two injections to make in the first year, about 150 euros for C= square disease, H = hepatitis, P = parvovirus, L= leptospirosis and R= rabies.
Then it will be necessary to count one reminder per year or about 70 euros.
Castration for a male is not mandatory but sometimes it must be done for medical or other reasons, it costs on average 200 euros.
Sterilization for a dog varies enormously depending on the surgical practice used and the surgeries, it is from 300 euros minimum.
There will be dewormers to avoid worms, diseases… for 7 euros the tablet and flea control with an average of 20 euros.
When your dog gets older, it will be necessary to do scaling, prices also vary a lot from one clinic to another, starting at 50 euros.
And finally there will be unforeseen events such as illness, injury, accident… and there the amount can quickly increase, it is better to provide a kitty only for this purpose.

The so-called leisure costs

  • A brush to maintain your coat from 15 euros.
  • Bowls for eating and drinking from 25 euros.
  • A collar and a leash from 30 euros.
  • A dog basket from 30 euros.
  • Dog treats from 10 euros.
  • A dog kennel from 50 euros
  • Dog treats from 10 euros.

For this point, of course, prices vary enormously depending on the brands.

Choose a professional breeder and avoid pet shops.

I do advise you to choose a professional breeder if you want a dog.

Why? Why? This will better avoid health problems for the future because a professional breeder will respect a quality charter. Moreover, even with some breeders, there are scams and dog-trafficking.

To be sure of the breeder’s choice, favour a breeder who has only one breed, you can also see official clubs for some breeds that refer professionals. He will breed his dogs with the knowledge of the lineage to avoid perpetuating genetic or other problems.

Increase visits to the breeder, meet the puppies’ parents, observe them, ask all your questions without fear. In addition, a breeder will be there to help you even after the adoption if you have any questions or problems with your puppy. Some high-risk breeds such as bulldogs, for example, are difficult to reproduce (insemination, caesarean section, etc.), we too often see individuals start breeding and lose their dogs or puppies due to complications.

If you go to the pet store, unconsciously encourage you to traffic dogs.
Unfortunately, many of these puppies come from Eastern Europe illegally.
Their papers are falsified because often they are not yet weaned (less than two months) so being removed too early from their mother they will not be socialized enough, they are most of the time traumatized by a long journey without water or food, sometimes they do not even survive this journey…
These puppies come from non-professional breeding where money is the only motivation and dogs are not well treated.

Be patient for his education.

The arrival of a dog in your life is a disruption, a puppy is certainly very cute and it is difficult to resist this little ball of hair but it requires a lot of time and patience because it will necessarily make mistakes (eating shoes, chewing, chewing remote controls…) will have to learn cleanliness (at first it is advisable to take the puppy out every two hours because he doesn’t have the bladder developed enough to be able to hold back), obedience to orders, take his place within his family, socialize him… Then will you have this time to educate him properly and patience to?

Give him time for his development.

The puppy will become an adult and will always require time and attention when it rains, snows, weekends or holidays. Will you have enough time to give him/her?
A dog is a commitment over years sometimes more than 15 years and it will be necessary to take it out at least 45 minutes a day for its well-being. Some breeds of dogs will need to really let off steam with the added benefit of a sporting activity.

The dog is not independent, you will have to be able to manage your absences.

If you’ve heard that the dog doesn’t have a sense of time, believe me, he feels loneliness.
So will your dog have to stay alone at home for a long time? It is better to avoid leaving him alone for more than 5 hours and even for 5 hours it will be necessary before teaching him to remain alone, it is a learning to do when he is young by getting used to it.
Indeed from the beginning it will be necessary to teach him to remain alone gradually starting from 5 minutes and without ritualizing your departure by saying goodbye instead it is better to ignore him some time before your departure, then gradually increase the duration of your absence.
So if you have big days of work, can someone be there for him?

If you have other animals, the dog must be properly integrated.

If you already have animals, will they get along well with a dog?

Not all animals are sociable to have a dog friend at home. If you already have an older dog, avoid choosing a puppy as it may tire the other one.
You can also ask the breeder before picking up your future dog for a fabric with its scent to accustom your cat or other dog to the smell of it.
At first don’t feed them at the same time to avoid the newcomer coming to sting in each other’s bowl, if there is a confit don’t interfere if it just remains small growls, don’t spoil one more than the other… Things will have to be done little by little and under supervision.

Take him on holiday if you can or prepare a childcare solution in advance.

If you can’t take him with you, do you have someone to keep him?
Indeed, the peak of abandonment of dogs is during the summer holidays because their owners having no one to keep them decide cowardly to part with them.
Ideally, someone in your family or entourage should be able to take care of them while you are away because they will already know the dog and it is easier to have confidence.
But if you don’t know that there are other ways to keep your dog, such as hotels, mutual help between dog lovers, dog trainers who offer a dog care system… But
if you have to call on an outside person, find out about the person and take the time to meet them several times… Avoid
certain dog boarding houses where dogs will more often be locked up in cages and alone.